Truth in the Dark (Nurcan Baysal)

Picture Jason Clarke.

Nurcan Baysal is a journalist and an award-winning human rights activist based in Diyarbakir, Turkey. She has been arrested and detained repeatedly for her writing about Turkish Kurdistan and for tweets she has posted concerning military assaults on the Kurdish community.  Most recently she has come under scrutiny for her comments on the Turkish government’s response to the Covid-19 crisis. Historical tweets have been revived for scrutiny, the effect being that she has to travel to police stations and face questioning in spite of the current global need to avoid infection. In the winter of 2019, while she was writer-in-residence with English PEN, her home in Diyarbakir was raided in a clear attempt to intimidate her by means of terrorising her children.  There is a good summary of her current situation on the English PEN website.

In a recent article published on Ahval, Nurcan writes:

“…While the threat of the coronavirus is still among us, being in public places such as a police station, hospital or courthouse carries risks. Over the past four years, I have been sentenced to 10 months in prison, detained three times, my house has been raided by police twice and authorities have launched dozens of investigations against me. Now, I have to think again and again while tweeting or writing an article. How can I continue journalism and human rights advocacy in this situation?”

Her article calls attention to the thousands of writers, journalists and human rights activists who are currently in Turkish and other prisons because of their work.  She highlights the dilemma faced by activists like her who feel a sense of responsibility towards the populations they defend together with a contradictory imperative not to put their families at risk. She acknowledges the importance of the support of international organisations such as PEN and Front Line Defenders to writers like her, believing that international attention acts as a brake on official harassment. She is free today, she writes in this article, thanks to the solidarity of international organisations. But, she asks, what about the thousands of other local journalists at risk or in prison, not only in Turkey but all over the world? If international solidarity can save them, does the support she enjoys not need to be multiplied to reach all of them? Established journalists with international reputations can write with authority about situations in areas of conflict and/or repression thanks to the work of local journalists; how can we balance that with a reciprocal level of support?

“You have to find new ways to reach us,” she writes. “We have to establish mechanisms to act fast without waiting for solidarity campaigns launched by local journalists and rights activists. Political pressures and judicial harassment have brought many local journalists to the crossroads. If we do not increase solidarity, many of us will perish. Dictators will prevail, and the truth will be left in the dark.”

Her words are a challenge to all of us who value our right to freedom of expression, to everyone who cares about real journalism. If we are lucky enough to live in an open democracy, how can we be effective in supporting those who literally risk their lives every time they post a tweet or write an article questioning government policy? Even those of us who belong to human rights support groups have to ask ourselves: how can we amplify solidarity? How can we translate our concern into effective action?

There are no easy answers, but that’s not a reason to avoid the question.


Nurcan will take part in an online conversation with Maureen Freely, chair of English PEN at 9:00 a.m. on Wednesday 10th June. This event is only open to members of English PEN.

Nurcan’s own website is here

She is currently a columnist for Ahval

You can also read about her in Yes, We Still Drink Coffee! Published by Fighting Words and Front Line Defenders in 2019, this book features both an essay written by Nurcan and an essay about her work.



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On 6th May, a Zoom meeting for members of English PEN heard Daniel Gorman (Director) and Philippe Sands (President) in conversation. The primary focus of the discussion was on Human Rights in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic, but they also referred to Philippe Sands’ new book, The Ratline. This is a summary of their discussion. It was followed by Q & A with members, not included here.


Daniel Gorman:

We’ve all heard NHS workers’ accounts of the shortage of Personal Protective Equipment for frontline and support workers during this pandemic. Those same news bulletins have told us that NHS workers, including doctors, have been asked to keep quiet about the conditions of their working lives. The NHS controls communication channels. In addition, there has been fierce government rebuttal of critical accounts of the UK’s response to the pandemic by e.g. The Times and The Independent. Meanwhile, the UK has slipped down the World Press Freedom Index.

Philippe Sands:

  • Even during a pandemic, we need to protect the ability of individuals to express themselves freely. However, there is a difficult balance to maintain. For example, Facebook’s recent decision to remove conspiracy theorist David Icke’s account raises questions: how do we balance the right to freedom of expression with the risks of spreading dangerous misinformation? If that free expression is causing harm, what then? These are urgent questions and need to be addressed.
  • Testing and tracing are very important but Apps currently in development raise questions about privacy and surveillance. Tracing Apps will store data about contacts and movement: where and by whom will this data be stored? Who will be able to use it?
  • There are very big questions about how and where this pandemic started. This is an absolute indicator that the absence of robust journalism is catastrophic; if word had come out earlier a lot of misery could have been avoided.
  • Many issues that we haven’t even thought of yet are likely to arise.

The government is quick to take to the airwaves to stifle criticism but we need discussion; we need writers, journalists and thinkers to express their views so that we can evaluate available information and form our own ideas.

Daniel Gorman held up a copy of the PEN charter and said that he always goes back to it for guidance. It includes commitments that PEN members sign up to, such as dispelling hatred and a reminder that freedom entails exercising voluntary restraint.



Philippe Sands: Reasonable people can hold different views. An organisation like English PEN allows discussion – it’s not easy but … there are no black and white answers.

The arrival of the internet has been transformative, giving much access to information from many sources. There are downsides to it but upsides too: it opens new vistas, makes it easy to participate in online discussions like this one; it challenges us to expand and develop our frames of reference and our thinking.

One thing we’ve learned from this crisis is that government really matters; there are areas the markets cannot reach or deliver on.  We need information, we need resources,  we need organisation. We’ve seen underpaid and undervalued workers keeping everything going. We all hope that there will be consequent transformations in life and government as a result, when the crisis is over. Those discussions should start now. Clapping for three and a half minutes once a week to show appreciation is not enough.

We’ve also seen that people are willing to place their trust in government. The downside of that is that we may be inclined to turn a blind eye to government failings … this tendency can be exploited for less than positive reasons – hence the need for responsible independent journalism.

This is a difficult moment but also an opportunity. We need to reach across the spectrum, across boundaries of difference. PEN is not party political, we need to knock down barriers and work together, open up a space for intelligent, respectful discussions among members, who come from a range of backgrounds and perspectives. Coming up to the centenary (2021) this is a real opportunity to re-engage with members.


They talked about the origins and development of Philippe Sands’s most recent book The Ratline, which Daniel Gorman described as ‘a fitting follow-up to East West Street’. He asked if there had been any push-back to the book’s effect of humanising Nazi characters – Otto Von Wächter and his wife, Charlotte. Von Wächter was a committed Nazi, Governor of Kraców when the ghetto wall was built and later of Galicia. He was wanted by the Allies but survived in hiding for years before his sudden death in 1949. His family believe he was murdered.

The Ratline grew from a lecture Sands gave where he was introduced to Von Wächter’s son, Horst.  Horst is not an apologist for Nazism. He was never a Nazi, but he wants to defend his father from the labels of ‘monster’ and war-criminal. He gave Sands access to his extensive archive of material, arguing that his father was also a good father and devoted husband. He wanted Sands to find out if his father was, in fact, murdered and by whom.

This, too, is dangerous territory but Sands doesn’t flinch. He tells us that it’s not right, or even useful, to dismiss people as monsters; Otto Von Wächter did monstrous things but he was also a husband, father, lover and writer. Charlotte is unique and passionate: an enabler, facilitator, anti-Semite but also a fantastic life-partner and strong mother.

We can only begin to understand how intelligent people can get involved with extreme movements and heinous acts if we try to see them in the round. We should step back and consider:  What would we do?

Sands reminds us that readers are intelligent, acute people. The writer’s task is to lay out facts and information, not to impose our views. He talked about the overlapping questions of what constitutes memory, truth, invention, fact, fiction.  He tells us that, as a lawyer, he often hears opposing counsel’s arguments and thinks: ‘good point’ or ‘fair argument’. There is no such thing as absolute truth.  He has recently watched Rashomon and Run Lola Run. All the stories in those films are true and accurate but they differ according to who is doing the telling … this is a a great space for exploration and reflection.


On the English PEN website there is a disturbing article about Nurcan Baysal, Turkish journalist, writer and activist who has featured on this blog before. Nurcan was writer-in-residence at English PEN last October. Now back in Turkey, she is suffering renewed accusations and charges.  (More information here)

There is also a request for messages of support for Ahmet Altan – author of the powerful I Will Never See the World Again – and other Turkish writers and journalists who have NOT been released from prison in response to Covid-19. If you haven’t read Altan’s book yet, do. It will give you a very different perspective on the concept of Lockdown.

English PEN, together with Reporters Without Borders and ALQST have been holding monthly vigils in solidarity with writers, journalists and activists who are imprisoned in Saudi Arabia and to call for justice for Jamal Khashoggi. During the pandemic, these vigils will be held online. Check this link for the date of the next vigil: VIRTUAL VIGILS

If you would like to join future English PEN Zoom calls, join English PEN here.

(N.B. Irish PEN will be relaunched in the autumn when it amalgamates with the Freedom to Write Campaign)

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Letters With Wings project for Poetry Day Ireland  (30th April, 2020)

With people all over the world confined to home because of the Covid-19 pandemic, a cosmopolitan group of poets based in Northern Ireland have set up Letters With Wings, “to bond with artists and activists who are kept in prisons for their art or for their journalism or because they are fighting for human rights.”

The organisers are: Viviana Fiorentino (Italy), Maria McManus (Northern Ireland), Nandi Jola (South Africa), Csilla Toldy (Hungary).

If you would like to participate, go to these Facebook and Twitter links.

  1. Choose an artist/activist who is a prisoner
  2. Take a photo of your poem or poetic letter to that person
  3. Post it on the Letters With Wings pages on either Facebook or Twitter. #PoetryDayIrl #Letterswithwings


This post is for Narges Mohammadi (Iran) and also in memory of Daphne Caruana Galizia (Malta).


The peaceful night that round me flows,
Breaks through your iron prison doors,
Free through the world your spirit goes,
Forbidden hands are clasping yours.

The wind is our confederate,
The night has left her doors ajar,
We meet beyond earth’s barred gate,
Where all the world’s wild Rebels are

(Eva Gore-Booth, Broken Glory, 1918)

Eva Gore-Booth, a passionate advocate of the principles of non-violence, wrote this poem for her sister, Constance Markievicz, who was in prison for her part in Ireland’s 1916 Rising. The sisters had an arrangement that they would think about each other at the same time every day, believing that they could connect in this way.

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Eavan Boland

It’s a real shock to learn that Eavan Boland has died. Hers was the kind of presence that seemed outside of time, even though definitely not Outside History. She has had a profound effect on so many of us in different ways over the years – here are some of the things that I remember most acutely, things I’m grateful for and events that I’m glad I witnessed. In roughly chronological order (as they came to me):

  • A Kind of Scar: The Woman Poet in a National Tradition is one of the seminal LIP pamphlets published by Attic press in the 1980s. In this, Boland challenges some of the sacred cows of Irish poetry using her own experience as a lens. It was a daring, radical thing to write and it predates by a long shot the explosion of fine personal essay and memoir writing that Irish literature enjoys now.
  • Many discussions (and some arguments) about her poem “The Achill Woman”.
  • Several readings and talks over the years, including a seminar at WERRC in UCD where she made a distinction between the erotic and the sexual in poetry. I had to ask her to say more about what she meant in making that distinction but I got there in the end. She had a way of drilling deeper into the core of words and shifting our angle of perception. These shifts were not always comfortable, but they were effective. She had such a strong mind.
  • When the Field Day Anthology debacle first blew up she could have sat back and savoured her own inclusion but instead she spoke up and out, publicly and bravely, against the exclusion of other women writers.
  • I’d love to say all of her work but I haven’t read everything. These, though:
  • Night Feed, the poems
  • “Anorexic”, the poem (‘Flesh is heretic…’)
  • The Journey, the poems & the poem
  • Outside History, the poems & the poem (‘There are outsiders, always ….’)
  • In a Time of Violence, the poems. Especially: “That the Science of Cartography is Limited”; “Love”; “The Pomegranate”
  • Object Lessons  I’m not even sure how to categorise this: Memoir? Challenge? Argument?
  • The Making of a Poem (with Mark Strand)

Once, when the Eastern Washington University was in town running a summer school for writers, I audited a poetry workshop given by Eavan. It was, bar none, the most terrifying workshop I ever attended. Terrifying because, at a time when people were always prone to say pleasant, absolutely unhelpful things about other people’s work (‘that’s lovely’ or, ‘Something just like that happened to me …’), Eavan’s commitment was to poetry itself and she cut right through to any weakness she perceived in the work in front of her. As often happened in her presence, I found myself challenged to consider what really matters in a given situation: protecting people’s feelings or defending the value of the art. There was no doubt which side Eavan was on. And at the same time, it would have been an enormous compliment to know that she valued your work enough to deal with it in that way. It was a kind of recognition.

Having said that, it was the Arlen House workshops facilitated by Eavan in the 1980s that kick-started the careers of many Irish women writers. It also led to the establishment of what is possibly the longest-running writers’ group in the country, WEB. This group still meets, some of the original members are still at its core.

I was lucky enough to be in the audience when, to celebrate Eavan’s 70th birthday, she and Paula Meehan had a public conversation, moderated by Jody Allen Randolph in the Peacock Theatre. The occasion was a launch of Eavan Boland – a Poet’s Dublin. It was an extraordinarily warm, personal occasion, a real privilege to witness. I posted a blog about it at the time here.

A website that complements and extends the territory of the book, curated by Jody Allen Randolph and Moynagh Sullivan is here


The last time I saw Eavan was at the launch of a collection of essays about her work, Eavan Boland: Inside History, edited by Nessa O’Mahony & Siobhan Campbell. Mary Robinson launched the book in the (then new) premises of Poetry Ireland. Both rooms were packed to the rafters with well-wishers. Proper order. She is an enormous loss, to all of us.

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Life in Direct Provision Centres

Ireland’s system of Direct Provision for asylum seekers was only ever meant to be temporary in the lives of the people who are housed within it but many people find themselves trapped there for years. Twenty years after its inception, the Irish Times is running an informative series of articles about Direct Provision. The series comes against a backdrop of recent arson attacks on hotels that were scheduled to house asylum seekers in Donegal and Roscommon and protests against DP centres being set up in Oughterard and on Achill Island.  Some of those protests are against the system itself, which is seen as inhumane, damaging and counterproductive but some are simply against asylum seekers moving into new areas.  Meanwhile, other parts of the country have welcomed the new arrivals. While the debates rage on, I interviewed Donnah Vuma, who is originally from Zimbabwe.  Donnah won the Clare Woman of the Year award in 2017 for her work in raising awareness of the effects of living in DP for extended periods of time and reaching out to local groups for friendship.  A member of MASI, the Movement of Asylum Seekers in Ireland, she has been involved with Now We’re Cooking (with Rev. Vicki Lynch) and set up the Every Child is Your Child community group in Limerick.

Donnah is currently studying for a joint honours degree in Politics and International Relations with Sociology, having won a scholarship on the University of Limerick Place of Sanctuary programme (UL is a University of Sanctuary).  She took part in a recent “Writing Human Rights” panel at the Red Line Book Festival run by South Dublin County Council in October,  which also featured contributors to the Front Line Defenders and Fighting Words’ book Yes, We Still Drink Coffee! available from Fighting Words.

How does living in DP affect family life?

 Living in direct provision has a huge impact on family life. Families are often forced to share a single room meaning that there is no privacy between children and parents, this can easily affect the mental health of all individuals and causes a lot of frustration. Because most centres are not self-catering, it means that families are not able to prepare their own meals, or actually sit down and have a meal together. Families are not able to observe or practice family traditions or elements of their culture due to limitations such as space. Parents don’t have the opportunity to transfer important life skills to their children, simple tasks such as being able to clean home, cook or do laundry.

Could you talk about the reality of living on €38.80 per week?

It is an almost impossible task. Every single task, need and want has to be set out on a list in order of priority. It’s very difficult as new items are constantly popping up. You have to try and save up for emergencies that may arise from that €38.80. You can’t afford to even take the kids out to something like a movie or dinner. It’s especially difficult during the holiday seasons when there is so much going on, the children have an expectation that they will be getting the same things or similar to their peers, it’s so hard to often have to explain to them that you cannot afford it or why you cannot afford it. At times holidays just go by and you do your best to ignore them and not even expose the children to them by keeping them in the centre and not visiting town for example. Having daughters adds extra pressure, there are items you cannot compromise on, sanitary products, laundry products, toiletry items, that all has to come out of that allowance. You still have to consider getting lunch pack items for the week – if you have school going aged children (I have 3), the bills just pile up.

In September, Leo Varadkar was widely quoted as saying that Direct Provision is not compulsory. Has that been your experience?

I feel that it is very irresponsible for them to keep referring to DP as voluntary. When you arrive in Ireland seeking refugee there are certain things that happen that have to be kept in mind:

  1. You have to give up all identity documents upon entry into the country.
  2. You probably have no friends or relatives in the country
  3. You do not have the right to work
  4. You have no entitlement to any social welfare payment, Housing assistance payments, rental allowance etc, you only get the €38.80 per week allowance.

Therefore, it is actually impossible to be able to live independently. Once you get the work permit, it is only valid for 6 months at a time, renewable depending on the progress of your protection application. It would not make any sense for a person to move out of DP for the duration of employment (which is usually 6 months because of the permit) only to apply to go back into the system once employment ceases.

You have succeeded in making a life outside the Direct Provision system or maybe I should say in parallel with it – you are a student at UL, you’re an active member of MASI, you set up your own community group, Every Child is Your Child. How did you achieve so much? Was it difficult?

This hasn’t come easy at all. It has been a result of unnecessary resilience and resistance. My biggest motivation for making it to this point has been my children. I have not had the opportunity to “not do anything” because I feel like I have to be a positive role model for them. I have always engaged in voluntary work and education, through that involvement I have made many friends and connections that I have been able to call on in times of need or in search of opportunities. ECIYC was set up through experiencing financial challenges, specifically school-associated costs. I had seen other parents going through the same challenges and felt that we needed to find a way to come up with temporary solutions, hence ECIYC was born. I was one of the 1st students awarded the University of Sanctuary scholarship when it was set up in UL, really great moment in my life as I had tried to enrol into third level education before. I was expected to pay non EU fees which would have been impossible for me. I think all these achievements have been results of building good relationships within the community and proving that one can be an asset if and when given the opportunity. It was also a way to show that although most people come here seeking refuge, they don’t leave their skills, hopes and dreams and aspirations behind. We bring the expertise and knowledge with us, all we really need is the platform to be able to showcase those skills and be able to make positive contributions to the community.

If you could change only one thing about Direct Provision, what would it be?

I wouldn’t reform DP at all, I would want to see the system totally abolished. Reception centres, which are absolutely necessary, should be run on a not-for-profit basis, should respect the rights of the individual and most importantly have vulnerability assessment mechanisms in place.

Given current crisis levels of homelessness in Ireland, can you see a workable alternative to Direct Provision?

Very easy, give people a meaningful right to work with no restrictions. Once people are allowed to access the labour market fully, they will be able to provide adequately for their needs and for those of their families. No one would prefer to live in Direct Provision if they could afford to sustain themselves.

It makes better financial/economic sense to give people access to rent-allowance schemes or HAP than paying for people to live in DP, it is much cheaper. The millions being used to house people in DP can be invested in providing affordable housing in communities, it can be invested in reviving and repopulating rural towns for example.

Are there supports in place for people when they leave Direct Provision?

No, from the time you are granted your status you are on your own; it would be up to you to try and find NGO’s that could be of assistance to you and your specific needs.

If people want to help, what would you advise them to do?

I would advise people to get involved in the campaigns, support grassroots organisations like MASI and ECIYC. Challenge the rise of the far right rhetoric, dispel the myths and rumours associated with refugees and asylum seekers. It Is important for people to ask their politicians what they are doing about Direct Provision, what humane solutions they are proposing etc. its is important to remember that at the end of the day, we are all human, people living in DP are just ordinary people seeking asylum, fleeing persecution from wherever they came from, this is a natural survival instinct of any human being. No one’s safety should come at the price of their freedom.

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Imprisoned Voices: A Hearing

Today is PEN International’s Day of the Imprisoned Writer.

Last night, the Freedom to Write Campaign held a poetry reading in the brilliant Parnell Square premises of Poetry Ireland, who were supporting the event, as was Irish PEN.

The format of the event was that a member of FTW (June Considine, Catherine Dunne, Kate Ennals, Tony Glavin, Liz McManus, Maria McManus, Lia Mills, Éilís Ní Dhuibhne) introduced a writer or writers in prison, and then a poet read work by that writer, work that relates to the theme and work of their own. The event was organised by June Considine, who had arranged photographs of the featured imprisoned writers in frames on the mantelpiece, like family photos: Nedim Turfent (Turkey), Dawit Isaac (Eritrea), Chimengul Awut (China) and Galal El-Behairy. Kate Ennals produced a pamphlet for the occasion. About 60 people gathered to listen, generating an attentive, moving atmosphere. (Kate has posted a blog about the event here)

Chris Murray read the work of poet, lyricist and activist Galal El-Behairy, who is serving a three year sentence in Egypt for ‘insulting the military’ and ‘spreading false news’; Chris also spoke movingly about the plight of Syrian schoolgirl Tal Al-Mallouhi, poet and blogger, who was arrested in 2009. Her current location in detention is unknown.  (See Chris Murray’s blog for one of Tal Al-Mallouhi’s poems.)

Colm Keegan read for Chimengul Awut, a well-known Uyghur poet and editor, who is in a re-education camp in China for her role in editing a book. As well as work of his own, Colm’s ‘theme’ poem was an inspired choice: Derek Mahon’s  “A Disused Shed in County Wexford”.

Maria McManus read for Dawit Isaac, an award winning Swedish-Eritrean journalist and poet, who has been held in prison, incommunicado, for 17 years. She read an extract from Brian Keenan’s An Evil Cradling before reading work of her own  and an extract from Isaac’s Hope and other Texts. She rounded off her reading with a quote from Toni Morrison’s Nobel acceptance speech, reminding us of Isaac’s dual nationality.

Celia de Fréine read for journalist and poet Nedim Turfent, who is in prison in Turkey for covering Turkish military operations in southeast Turkey. Celia chose extracts from Harold Pinter’s Mountain Language for her themed text and  read her translation of the poem “June” by Shi Tao which was part of the 2008 PEN International Poem Relay, following the progress of the Olympic Torch to London.


Nedim Turfent sent us a letter for the occasion, wishing us well, hoping that our future in Ireland is bright and that our ink won’t run out. This is an incredibly generous sentiment to come from a young man who is facing 105 months in prison – of which, he tells us, 1240 days have already been served. “If only the mountains could speak of what they have witnessed,” he wrote. But they can’t – which is why journalists like him and Erol Zavar risk their freedom to bear witness for them.

Like Nedim Turfent, Erol Zavar was arrested when he was 29 years old, in January 2000 – almost 20 years ago. He will pass his 49th birthday in prison. Imagine. From being aged 29 to 49. In prison. Little is known about his current whereabouts or his health, which has not been good during his imprisonment. He has written two collections of poetry but they are not, to my knowledge, available in English.

I couldn’t let the occasion pass without mentioning Ahmet Altan, Turkish journalist and novelist, author of I Will Never See the World Again.  Ahmet Altan was sentenced to life imprisonment for alleged links to the failed coup of 2016, charges which he denies. He was released on 4th November and wrote a powerful, moving article in the Guardian about the courageous spirit of his fellow-prisoners, and his sense of having become somehow an accomplice to their continued detention, through his release. Two days ago, in a cynical, cruel move, he was re-arrested, after 8 days of freedom.

The final section of the evening was introduced by Catherine Dunne, who spoke about Daphne Caruana Galizia, Maltese anti-corruption campaigner and journalist, who was assassinated by a car bomb two years ago.  PEN International have set up a Poetry Memorial for Daphne, whose actual memorial is repeatedly destroyed by Maltese officials. Two of the Memorial’s poems were the final readings of the night, read by their authors Chris Murray and Celia de Fréine.


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No Small Talk (Brexit: the Use and Abuse of Language)

Are you concerned about the divisive rhetoric used during prolonged Brexit debates?  Irish people living in Britain report noticing a change in atmosphere and attitudes when the Backstop was a live issue. Friends in the North are understandably sickened by all that’s been said – and left unsaid. Many of us mourn the casually inclusive ‘We’re all in Europe Now’ attitude that made such a difference to the dynamics between all of us who live on our two islands, Ireland and Britain. So what can we do to remind ourselves and each other of all the things that connect us, and what better way to do it than through writing, the arts, and conversation?

NO SMALL TALK is a group of writers who have come together out of concern for the level of division and increasing hostility that has crept into the rhetoric around Brexit. We want to generate links between writers and artists in both Ireland and Britain to challenge this debasing of language and the perversions of truth which are now regular features of public discourse. Our aim is to restore positive links and connections between us all.

To this end, we will hold an introductory meeting on Tuesday, 12th November at 7:00 pm in The Teachers’ Club.

EVENT: Brexit: the Use and Abuse of Language


Bobby Mc Donagh, former Ambassador to the UK

Jo Burns, award-winning poet

Evelyn Conlon, novelist and short-story writer

Carlo Gebler, writer and teacher

CHAIR: Martina Devlin, writer and journalist

WHEN: Tuesday 12th November at 7:00 pm

WHERE: The Teachers’ Club, 36 Parnell Square West, Dublin 1

Following the speakers’ presentations, we hope to see genuine audience engagement in a discussion which will lead to future events and an evolving network of interested writers, artists, musicians and filmmakers. Please spread the word among people who might be interested in joining us in this endeavour.

Admission is free but you must reserve tickets through Eventbrite:

WHO WE ARE: No Small Talk is a sub-group of WORD, a professional writers’ association based in the Irish Writers Centre. (Celia de Fréine, Martina Devlin, Catherine Dunne, Margo Gorman, Sophia Hillan, Liz McSkeane, Lia Mills)

MISSION STATEMENT:  “The aim of this group is to initiate and facilitate a conversation among writers and artists of Ireland & Great Britain in order to strengthen the existing links between us, to recognise the various languages spoken on these islands and we will challenge the current public discourse that creates division and conflict.”

The event is sponsored by Dublin UNESCO City of Literature.

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Writers Under Threat: Nurcan Baysal, Daphne Caruana Galizia


Daphne vigil 16 October 2019 Photo: Simon Robinson

Last Wednesday I was at a moving, powerful vigil for murdered Maltese journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia. Many people spoke about Daphne’s life and read from her work. She had been a consistent campaigner against corruption and collusion throughout her working life, decades in which she and her family withstood a sustained campaign of villification, isolation, intimidation, and blatant threat (both legal and physical), before she was killed by a car bomb in October 2017. Her lawyers say that her death was entirely predictable and preventable, having followed persistent and escalating intimidation. Many Freedom of Expression organisations, including PEN International, Article 19 and Reporters Without Borders, are campaigning for justice for Daphne; they have called for a fully independent, thorough investigation into her murder since it happened.

Nurcan Baysal

At that vigil, I stood beside Nurcan Baysal, who was named Global Laureate of the 2018 Front Line Defenders award for Human Rights Defenders at Risk and is currently on a residency with English PEN. She is at risk because of her work as a writer and journalist, documenting human rights abuses in Turkey. She has been accused of supporting terrorism because she reports instances of abuse against the Kurdish population in Turkey and in Syria, but she also reports PKK transgressions: she is against violence and war, tout court.  Listening to what people said about Daphne Caruana Galizia at her vigil, I was struck by the extraordinary commitment and dedication shown by people like her, people like Nurcan Baysal, who has been arrested and imprisoned more than once, but who has so far been acquitted of all charges against her. Like Daphne, she experiences official harassment and all kinds of more random abuse on social media. Her friends are either in prison or in exile. What gives such courageous, principled people the strength to carry on in the face of so much antagonism, hostility, isolation and danger?

Three days after that vigil, Nurcan’s home in Diyarbakir was raided early in the morning by, she says, 30-40 armed police. She is safe because she is not there at the moment but expects to be arrested on her return. And, she says, her kids were terrified by the scale of the raid. She goes on to say: Those who demand peace and human rights are silenced and brutally oppressed in Turkey. I am just one of them, thousands of others are currently in prison. Your indifference is killing us. Please do raise your voice and stand in solidarity with our struggle before it’s too late.

A statement by Daniel Gorman, Director of English PEN says that English PEN condemns the raid on the house of courageous journalist Nurcan Baysal by Turkish Security Forces. This raid comes as part of an ongoing assault by the authorities on a free media in Turkey, still the world’s biggest jailer of journalists. We call on the Turkish government to respect international conventions on freedom of expression and to support a free and independent media. [Here]

Please read Nurcan’s own powerful article, “I have a debt to Uncle Adnan’s children and all other Kurdish orphans” on Ahval 

She also has an essay in the recent publication by Front Line Defenders and Fighting Words of Yes, We Still Drink Coffee!, an anthology of essays and artwork by and about Human Rights Defenders, curated and edited by Orla Lehane, which will have its Dublin launch in November at the Dublin Book Festival.

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PEN Vigil for Daphne, London, 16th October 1917

It’s hard to believe that almost two years have passed since the Maltese anti-corruption journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia was murdered, but 16th October will mark the second anniversary of her death.  A fierce critic of the political establishment in Malta, she had received many death threats; she knew she was in danger but she kept writing. On 16th October, 2017 she posted an entry on her blog, ending with the line “There are crooks everywhere you look. The situation is desperate.”

It’s such an ordinary thing for most of us, to post a blog – as I am doing now – then get up from the desk and go out, already thinking about other things. But within minutes, the car Daphne was driving blew up.

Three men charged with her murder have yet to be put on trial. According to PressGazette, a public inquiry is about to start in Malta. But Daphne’s family and other campaigners have called for a fully independent international inquiry into her murder.

PEN International is still campaigning for justice for Daphne and her family. This year they are creating a poetry memorial, because the actual memorial in Valetta has been repeatedly destroyed.

If you are interested in submitting a poem, please observe the following criteria. Poems should be:

  • Under 100 words
  • Three stanzas maximum
  • The poem should make some reference to Daphne Caruana Galizia, the destruction of her memorial,  or the case itself
  • There is no deadline as this is an on-going project and poems will be added to the PEN website as they are submitted.

Please submit the poems to

In addition, to commemorate Daphne’s life, her bravery and her legacy and to continue their call for justice in her case, PEN will hold a vigil in London on 16 October near the Maltese High Commission. (Please check PEN International website for firm details closer to the actual date). Some memorial poems may be read on that occasion.

More info here

And here

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Suspension of UK Parliament, August 2019 (1)

Yesterday (28th August) Boris Johnson asked the Queen to suspend Parliament and she agreed. Jeremy Corbyn (Labour) and Jo Swinson (Lib-Dem) sent letters to the Queen asking her to refuse BJ’s request but they were too late; she had already given her consent. Very, very few people knew this was going to happen; the day before, Nicky Morgan had said it wouldn’t. She must be furious – but will she resign?


The extraordinary circumstance of Brexit, its extensions and its travails, mean that the current Parliamentary session has lasted 400 days. It is tradition for an incoming Prime Minister to set a date with the Queen for Parliament to resume, initiated by a Queen’s Speech which sets out what we would call the Programme for Government, followed by a couple of days of debate on same.

Boris Johnson, as incoming Prime Minister, seems to be within his rights to do this now, even though he was barely confirmed as PM before Parliament broke up for the summer. But what he has done is ensured that Parliament will be suspended in the lead up to the third date set for Brexit, a date which he has consistently said is fixed: Oct 31st. Parliament will sit for one week (starting next Tuesday, 3rd September) followed by the suspension. MPs will return for the Queen’s speech on 14th October. There is a crucial European summit on 17th, after which there will be little room – and even less time –  for manoeuvre.

The day before the suspension, there was an all-party meeting to discuss Opposition strategy for blocking a No-Deal Brexit. They have overcome their differences and shifted their focus from a No Confidence vote to a legislative approach, they were pleased to inform us on the evening news. No rebel Tories showed up at this meeting, although we are assured that there are several and that they will tip the balance against Boris Johnson,  his Cabinet, and the enabling support of the DUP.

Meanwhile, the Privy council was moving secretly towards Balmoral and the delivery of Johnson’s request to the Queen to set the mid-October date for her speech.  The news broke on Wednesday morning with a letter BJ sent to MPs informing them of the new Parliamentary timetable.

Cue: outrage all round. People are furious at what they see as a fundamentally anti-democratic manoeuvre, preventing Parliament from exercising its role and duty of holding the Government to account and doing so at a time of national crisis. Critics include the Speaker of the House, John Bercow, who called it a constitutional outrage. As did Philip Hammond, senior Tory and, under Theresa May’s government, Chancellor of the Exchequer. Arlene Foster welcomed the move. Well, why wouldn’t she, when her own Legislative Assembly has been suspended for so long it looks as though Direct Rule could return to the North?

Even on the streets (in London) people are talking about this suspension (“prorogation”) of Parliament. They talk about a constitutional crisis, and wonder what it means.  The UK doesn’t have a written Constitution as such but it does have a legal framework and long tradition underpinning its legislative and political systems. It’s confusing when politicians talk about ripping up the constitution when there is no such document; but when they refer to a constitutional crisis, this is what they mean: tradition and law find themselves, like the rest of us, in uncharted waters when it comes to Brexit. The limitations of the referendum versus its result; the significance of the outcome; the lies that were told beforehand; questionable sources of – and mechanisms for distributing – funding; Theresa May’s approach to negotiating a deal and all the sorry failures that followed; extension after extension.

But whatever anyone thinks about TM’s approach, it has to be said that she showed up in the Commons, day after punishing day, and faced her critics and her accusers, standing sometimes for 2  or 3 hours through gruelling, marathon sessions of question and insult. In Europe, she cut a lonely figure among all those jocular, backslapping handshaking leaders but she went back, over and over again. She made me think of Michael Collins, sent by DeValera on his futile, fatal errand. Boris Johnson has been called a coward: his approach to criticism appears to be to choke it off at source.

On the other hand, many Leave supporters think he has taken a bold, decisive step and simply outsmarted his opponents. And it has to be said that many people don’t care. They’re either indifferent to politics or they want whoever is in charge to get on with it and bring the uncertainty to an end.


In the late afternoon the crowd at the gates of Downing Street were no bigger than the usual group of tourists with their cameras – the only odd feature was a young woman sitting on the pavement with a notebook, intoning poetry I assumed to be her own, like a biblical message: “Lance the wound …” She was so deeply engrossed in her declamatory trance, it wasn’t in me to interrupt and ask her what she was doing or why, although later I really wished I had.

There was more action up at the Cabinet Office, where a small group of EU standard bearers had gathered, along with a man in a clown suit wearing an unflattering BoJo mask with an inflatable frankfurter-like nose. Occasional shouts erupted.  Occasional jeers were offered by passing Leavers. At one stage, a standard bearer came out to exchange insults with one of these, but the police were there instantly to break it all up, before retreating to their unobtrusive but watchful position. A woman called Sinéad who wears an Irish flag (I’ve seen her before, she tries to come to the protests every day after work) has an EU beret on. I’ve tried to find one before with no luck. She tells me I can get them online but as it happens I buy one later from a People’s Vote person, it’s a fundraiser for the Remain campaign.

The crowds thicken after 5.  Parliament Square fills up. A coalition of left-wing groups have called a protest rally. They’re in Abingdon Green first, but Lib Dem and People’s Vote placards are there too.  Bollocks to Brexit stickers are back, bigger and more vivid than they were before. Dick-tator! Declares one placard.  Stop the madness, pleads another – and: This is Bigger than Brexit.The word fascist is in the air. There’s a cardboard cutout of Mosley at the gate leading into the Commons. There are many shocked-looking people who might never have been around these protests before. The speakers describe their own anger and ask the crowd to share it. It’s time to get angry, they say. It’s time to show it. There are new chants: Stop the Coup! Some passers-by are hostile. “Why do we have to put up with this?”  I heard one young man ask. Fucksake! is in the air too. Those tossers again. The crowd swells and spills over onto the pavement;  people mass at the barriers across the road as well. Parliament Square fills up. The helicopters (police or media?) will be there until late.  Next week, when Parliament returns, will be fiery.

The Welsh Assembly (Wales voted to Leave) has been recalled. In Scotland (which voted to Remain), Nicola Sturgeon called BJ a Tin Pot dicator and said this was a dark day for UK democracy and that BJ’s action has brought Scottish Independence closer.  I wonder about that. Has anyone considered the effect of introducing a European border to the land mass that is Great Britain?

Both sides are adamant:  this is either a cynical manoeuvre to disrupt the democratic process, or it is a perfectly normal application of parliamentary tradition. Tory spokespersons are insisting that they don’t see anything wrong with prorogation now. The opposition have had plenty of time to act before now. This is normal practice, they claim. Perfectly legal.

It may be legal, but is it honest, decent, truthful?

There are legal challenges afoot already. One in Scotland, led by Joanna Cherry and another here in London by Gina Miller.

Walking away from the protest … was that Offred I saw retreating around a corner?

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